ANALYSIS OF CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS OF LETHALITY OF INGURED PERSONS WITH ABDOMINAL TRAUMA

PUMTS. 2021; 42(2): 64-68.
https://doi.org/10.31071/promedosvity2021.02.064

The study was carried out on the basis of the polytrauma department of the KNP “Municipal Clinical Emergency and Critical Care Hospital named after O. I. Meshchaninov” of Kharkiv City Council. O. I. Meshchaninov” of the Kharkiv City Council. The initial data, results of treatment of 240 victims and their dependence on peculiarities of trauma and peculiarities of victims with abdominal trauma were analysed. Patients with concomitant abdominal trauma predominated in the structure of the injured — 178 (74,2 %), including concomitant injuries of one anatomofunctional area (AFA) in 80 (33,3 %), two AFA– in 67 (27,9 %), and three AFA– in 31 (12,9 %) patients. Isolated abdominal trauma was diagnosed — in 62 (25.9 %) patients. In addition to abdominal injuries, the majority of patients had injuries of other localisations: thoracic trauma — in 129 (53.8 %) patients, skeletal trauma was found — in 96 (40 %) patients, craniocerebral trauma — in 84 (35 %) patients. During in-hospital treatment, 34 (14.2 %) victims died. In the acute period of trauma (1–7 days) 12 (35 %) victims died, including 5 cases within the first day. Lethality was found to increase with the number of injured ASOs, from 4.8 % for isolated abdominal trauma to 41.9 % for additional trauma, thoracic and skeletal trauma (χ2 = 27, 791, p < 0.001), and an increase in injury severity from 7.7 % to 6.7 % for mild to moderately severe trauma to 58.8 % for extremely severe trauma (χ2 = 34.342, p < 0.001) as well as the severity of individual injuries. An increase in lethality was also found with increasing age of the victims and in the presence of increased weight and obesity.

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